Mount Shasta Climbing Fact – Snow topped Mount Shasta graces the southern end of the Cascade Range in north California. You may not realize that it is considered an active volcano. Here are more facts about this youngest major volcanoes in the Cascade Range.
Height And Location Of Mount Shasta
Mount Shasta is set precisely 50 miles south of the Oregon California border and mid way between the Nevada border and the Pacific Ocean.
Its arranges are 41 deg2 4′ 33.11 ” N/ 122 deg1 1′ 41.60 ” W.
At 14,179 feet (4,322 meters) in raising, it is the fifth highest mountain in California, and the second highest mountain in the Casade Range (Mount Rainier is 259 feet higher), and the 46 th highest mountain in the United States.
Mount Shasta is an ultra prominence heyday with 9,822 feet (2,994 meters) of standing, doing it the 96 th most prominent mountain in the world and the 11 th most prominent mountain in the United This enormous mountain rises 11,500 feet (3,600 meters) above its base has a base diameter larger than 17 miles; can be seen from 150 miles back on a clear date and has a mass of 350 cubic kilometers, comparable in work to other stratovolcanos like Mount Fuji and Cotopaxi.
Mount Shasta Geology And Volcanic Eruption
Mount Shasta is a large stratovolcano with four overlapping volcanic cones. Besides its main summit, Shasta has a 12,330 foot (3,760 meter) moon volcanic cone called Shastina.
Shasta has erupted periodically over the last 600,000 times and is considered an active volcano.
A period of mountain building between 600,000 and 300,000 constructed Mount Shasta until the north side of the volcano crumbled. Over the last 20,000 times, volcanic bouts have continued to build the mountain with lava flow and dacite cone.
The Hotlum Cone has erupted several times in the last 8,000 times, including a large outburst over 220 years ago that was noted by La Perouse, a French adventurer, who interpreted the outburst from the coast in 1786. Various hot sulfur springs near the summit has noted that the mountain is still active.
Mount Shasta has erupted at least once every 800 times during the last 10,000 times, with its last place outburst occurring in the 1780 s. These rashes have formed lava domes and lava flows on the mountain’s slopes as well as massive mudflows, likewise announced lahars, which increased over 25 miles from the mountain in hollows. Geologists tell that future rashes could wipe out all levels of society is located on Shasta’s base.
Shastina is an unranked, affiliate lower top of Mount Shasta. Its volcanic cone, reach 12,330 feet, on the northwest side of the mountain would be the third highest mountain in the Cascade Range if it was a ranked heyday. A water filled hole on the cone’s summit is Clarence King Lake.
Glaciers, Vegetation, And Lenticular Cloud
Mount Shasta has seven worded glaciers Whitney, Bolam, Hotlum, Wintun, Watkins, Konwakiton, and Mud Creek. Whitney Glacier is the longest, while Hotlum Glacier is most important glacier in California.
Mount Shasta rises approximately 7,000 feet above timberline, with areas of grassy tundra, sizable bumpy scree battlegrounds, and glaciers plastering the majority of members of this treeless region.
Mount Shasta is famous for the prominent lenticular vapours that form over the world summit. The mountain’s sheer standing, rising approximately 10,000 feet above the encircling acre, helps form the lens shaped clouds.
Climbing Mount Shasta
Mount Shasta is not a difficult mountain to descend, although severe weather conditions can occur year-round. The customary rise season is from early May through October. Climbers should be prepared for extreme weather conditions, even in summer carry a line, crampons, and ice axe and be skilled in glacier passage, snow rise, and know how to self arrest after falling on a snow slope.
A wilderness permit and a summit permit are required to advance Shasta.
Use the self service enrollment container at the Bunny Flat Trailhead for day use a daily reward is accused for all the persons descending above 10,000 feet. Human waste luggage are required for help on the mountain and are available for free at trailheads.
Mount Shasta is frequently descended via the seven-mile-long John Muir Route (14 miles round trip), likewise called the Avalanche Gulch Route, and advantages 7,362 feet of raising. This popular but tireless direction , rated Class 3, offers great snow descending in June and July.
The good is necessary to advance is April through July when snow is on much of the upper direction. If the snow is softened, expect lots of scree plod. It’s usually descended in two days. For a one-day rising, plan on 12 to 16 hours to descend and descend.
The route, ascending the southwest edge of Shasta, begins at the Bunny Flat Trailhead at 6,900 feet and clambers 1.8 miles to Horse Camp and a large stone shack at 7,900 feet. A good footpath ascends to Lake Helen at 10,400 feet, then climbs steep scree slopes to Thumb Rock at 12,923 feet. It finishes up more scree on Misery Hill to Shasta’s summit.
For more information, contact the Mount Shasta Ranger Station at (530) 927-4512 or Shasta Trinity National Forest Headquarters, 3644 Avtech Parkway, Redding, CA 96002, (530) 226-2500.
The origin of the list Shasta is unknown, while some think it derives from a Russian word meaning white. The regional Karuk Indians announced it Uytaahkoo, which translates to White Mountain.
onee of the earliest citation to Mount Shasta was by Hudson Bay trader and trapper Peter Skene Ogden who led five capturing safaruss to northern California and Oregon betwen 1824 and 1829. On February 14, 1827, he wrote : “All the Indian persist in saying they know nothing of the sea. I have worded this river Sastise River. There is a mountain equal in elevation to Mount Hood or Vancouver, I have worded Mt. Sastise. I have given these words from the tribes of Indians”.
First Ascent Of Mount Shasta
Mount Shasta, then likewise announced Shasta Butte, was first descended on August 14, 1854, by an eight man party is presided over by Captain Elias D.
Pierce, a Yreka regional. He described their rising of the upper slopes : “We were obliged in numerous places to descend from crag to crag as best we could. The least misstep or the detaching of the smallest bit of boulder upon which we were obliged to cling for life, would have gently lowered the adventure from thre to five hundred feet perpendicularly upon the rocks below. Feel me when I remark, that each one of the working party, when scaling the dizzy altitudes, formed deathly pale, and I assure you that most of the wan faces were of long duration”.
They reached the summit at 11:40 in the morning. The party erected an American flag on its summit, which was thought to be California’s highest heyday. Pearce wrote that they filched the flag accurately at 12 noon “amid the deafening cheers of the little person. Cheer after encourage following in quick succession, after the Flag of Liberty moved proudly upon the gust until we were too hoarse to give utterance to our ardours”.
During the drop off, different groups detected a assemble of simmering hot sulfur springs below the summit and also made a rudimentary glissade down a snowfield. Captain Pearce wrote, we sat ourselve down on our unmentionables, feet foremost, to modulate our hurry, and our walking stick for rudders. Some unshipped their rudders before contacting the part, (there was no such situation as stopping), some broached to and became stern paramount, doing wry faces, while others, extremely interested to be the first down, came up too much steam, and became demise over demise while others detected themselves athwart carry, and doing 160 revolutions per minute. In short, it was a spirited race for in a thrice we detected ourselves in a snug little piling at the foot of the blizzard, breath for sigh.
Notable Ascents Of Mount Shasta
The first rising by females was by Harriette Eddy and Mary Campbell McCloud in 1856. Other notable early risings were by John Wesley Powell, the one armed Civil War Major who likewise was first down the Colorado River and a the founding fathers of the Smithsonian Institution, in 1879 and by far famed ecologist and climber John Muir who descended it several times.
John Muir’s first rising was a solo seven day circumnavigation and rising of Mount Shasta in 1874. Another rising, with Jerome Fay, on April 30, 1877 approximately ended in disaster. While sinking, a coarse blizzard with high winds and snow moved here. The pair was necessary to bivouac next to the sulfur hot springs below the summit to keep warm.
Muir afterward wrote in Harper’s Weekly : “I was in my shirt sleeves, and in less than half an hour was soggy to the skin we both trembled and shivered in a poor, restless action, just as much, I suppose, from exhaustion brought on by want of menu and sleep as from sifting of the icy hurricane through our soggy clothing. We lay flat on our backs, so as to present as little face as is practicable to the wind and I did not rise again to my feet for seventeen hour”.
During the night, the pair was afraid they might was sleeping and sufocate from poison vapors if high winds stopped. The next morning after sunup, they started down in hurricane and cold. Their clothes ice solid, doing passage difficult. After sinking 3,000 feet they felt the heated sun on our backs, and at once began to revive and at 10 o’clock A.M. we reached clique and were safe.
Shasta Legends And Lore
Mount Shasta, like so many awe inspiring ridges, is the location of numerous fictions, stories, and storeys. The Native Americans, of course, idolized the great lily white heyday, and lore announces, refused to advance it because of divinities that lived on it and because it people in their start myth.
Some people believe that the interior of Mount Shasta is colonized by survivors of Atlantis, who constructed the city of Telos within it. Others say that the people living within Shasta are actually the survivors of Lemuria, another lost continent which disappeared in the Pacific Ocean. An 1894 tale, “A Dweller on Two Planets” written by Frederick Spencer Oliver, tells the story of how Lemuria sank and how its inmates traveled to live in Mount Shasta. The Lemurians are a super human race given with peculiar capabilities including the ability to change from the physical to the spiritual self.
Others believe that Mount Shasta is a sacred area and mystical ability discern on the earth’s surface and a nexus of New Age energy. A Buddhist monastery was founded on Mount Shasta in 1971. It is also considered a UFO landing site the immigrants use the camouflage of the vapours to disguise their ships think of the significance of vapours in the film” Close Meetings of the Third Kind.