Elevation : 14,692 feet (4,478 rhythms)
Prominence : 3,412 feet (1,040 rhythms) mother top is Weisshorn.
Location : Valais Alps. Also called Pennine Alps. Border of Switzerland and Italy.
Coordinates : 45.976389 N/7.658334 E
First Ascent : First ascent on July 14, 1865 by Edward Whymper, Charles Hudson, Lord Francis Douglas, Douglas Robert Hadow, guidebook Michel Croz, and the parent and son leaders Peter and Peter Taugwalder.
Matterhorn Fast Facts
The Matterhorn is the tenth highest mountain in Switzerland and one of 48 Swiss flowers that is above 4,000 rhythms in altitude.
Matterhorn, the German reputation, is from the words Matte conveying “meadow” and horn entail peak. Cervino, the Italian reputation, and Cervin, the French reputation, derive from the Latin words cervus and inus conveying lieu of Cervus. Cervus is a genus of deer that includes elk.
Four Faces Of The Matterhorn
The four faces of the Materhorn face the four cardinal directions north, east, south, and west.
1865 : Tragic First Ascent Of The Matterhorn
First ascent on July 14, 1865 by Edward Whymper, Charles Hudson, Lord Francis Douglas, Douglas Robert Hadow, guidebook Michel Croz, and the parent and son leaders Peter and Peter Taugwalder via the Hornli Ridge, the most common itinerary of rising today. Just below the summit on the ancestry, Hadow slipped, slapping Croz off.
The rope ran tighten and pulled Hudson and Douglas and the four climbers fell down the northern face. The elder Taugwalder was belaying with the rope over a stone spike, but potential impacts broke the rope thereby saving the Taugwalders and Whymper from sure fire death. The rising and collision is recounted in Whymper’s classic diary Scrambles Among the Alps.
Second Ascent Of The Matterhorn
The second rising ran three days after the first, on July 17, 1865, from the Italian area. The defendant was led by navigates Jean Antoine Carrel and Jean Baptiste Bich.
First Ascent Of The North Face
The dreaded North Face, one of the largest north face climb in the Alps, was firstly clambered on July 31 and August 1, 1931 by Franz and Toni Schmid.
Hornli Ridge : Standard Climbing Route
The normal climbing itinerary is up the Hornli Ridge on the northeast, which is the primary crest seen from Zermatt. The itinerary, pointed 5.4, concerns 4,000 feet of climbing, mostly clambering on stone (4th Class) but with some snow depending on conditions, and makes 10 hours round trip. Some of the climbing is terribly uncovered and climbers need to be skilled at climbing stone with crampons on their boots. The itinerary, often guided, is difficult but not for adept alpinists. Fixed ropes are left on difficult segments. Routefinding is ticklish in places, especially on the lower slouse that typically clambered in the dark. The ancestry, when most coincidences result, takes as long as the rising. Most climbers begin their rising by 3:30 in the morning to bypas summer thunderstorms and lightning.
2007 : Team Speed Ascent On Hornli Ridge
On September 6, 2007 Zermatt leaders Simon Anthamatten and Michael Lerjen ascended and sunk the Hornli Ridge in a record period of 2 hours 33 instants.
Their ascent time was 1 hour 40 instants and the ancestry 53 instants. Compare that to the usual seven to nine hours required by fit climbers. The previous annal of three hours was set in 1953 by guidebook Alfons Lerjen and Hermann Biner, a 15 year old Zermatt boy.
2013 : Catalan Runner Sprints The Matterhorn
Kilian Jornet, a 25 -year-old Catalan mountain runner and climber, position a brand-new accelerate climbing annal on the Matterhorn on August, 21, 2013. He sprinted up and down the mountain in a mere 2 hours, 52 instants, and 2 seconds, shaving 22 instants off the previous round trip accelerate annal to be prepared by Italian Bruno Brunod in 1995. Jornet left the village church at 3 p. m. and reached the summit via the Lion Ridge (southwest crest) in 1 hour, 56 instants, and 15 seconds. Jornet told the Spanish climbing store Desnivel : I find really good during the climb.
At firstly I was very warm, but little by little I gained pattern and altitude, and I find something better. Arriving at the top was a very special moment. The ancestry also was perfect, and I am happy because I didn’t have to take too many risks. I sliped once or twice, but nothing important.
Death And Disaster On The Matterhorn
Over 500 parties have died climbing the Matterhorn since 1865′ s tragic collision, countless on the ancestry. Deaths norm now about 12 annually. Deaths are due to falls, inexperience, underestimating the mountain, bad weather, and falling boulders. Many of the mountain’s victims, including three from the first rising disaster, are buried in Zermatt’s downtown cemetery.
Disneyland in Anaheim, California features a 1/100 magnitude replication of the Matterhorn that is 147 feet high. Matterhorn Bobsleds is a popular go on the top. Disneyland’s website tells, Scale the snowy summit in your race toboggan and then accelerate, rumbling down the gradients, to a startling splashdown. Also Mickey Mouse and pals, climbers in camouflage, sometimes climb it.
Matterhorn In Cartoons
The Matterhorn fleshes in two Warner Brothers caricatures. In Pikes Peaker, a 1957 carton, Bugs Bunny and Yosemite Sam race each other to the summit of the Schmatterhorn. In A Smell of the Matterhorn, a 1961 cartoon, the skunk Pepe Le Pew engages a female “cat o nine tail”, who he thinks is a fellow skunk, past the Matterhorn.
Read More About The Matterhorn
The Matterhorn: Photographs and Climbing Quotes of a Classic Mountain Peak.
Buy Edward Wympher’s Book
Scrambles Amongst the Alps in the Years 1860-69 The clasic climbing diary from the Victorian age. It portrays Whymper’s undertakings in the Alps during the 1860 s and the first rising and precede tragedy on the Matterhorn.