Elevation : 28,253 feet (8, 612 rhythms)
Prominence : 13,179 feet (4,017 rhythms)
Location: Karakoram Range, Pakistan/China, Asia
Coordinates : 35 deg5 2′ 57 ” N/76 deg3 0′ 48 ” E
First Ascent : Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedeli (Italy), July 31, 1954
K2 : 2nd Highest Mountain In The World
K2, located on the Pakistan Chinese airstrip, is the 2nd highest bank in “the worlds” Pakistan’s highest bank and the world’s 22 nd most prominent bank.
Name Given By British Surveyor
The name K2 was given in 1852 by British surveyor T.G. Montgomerie with “K” nominating the Karakoram Range and “2” since it was the 2nd crest rostered. During its further consideration, Montgomerie, standing on Mt. Haramukh 125 miles to the south, memorandum two pre eminent spires to the north, announcing them K1 and K2. While he dissuaded native links, he found that K2 did not have a known person.
Also Named Mount Godwin Austen
Later K2 was distinguished Mount Godwin Austen for Haversham Godwin Austen (1834-1922), an early British surveyor and wanderer. Godwin Austen clambered 1,000 rhythms up a spurring of Masherbrum above Urdukas and calculated the approximate stature and bunk of K2 from there, according to Catherine Moorehead, the author of The K2 Man (And His Molluscs), a chronicle of Godwin Austen. This alternate name was never retained.
Balit Name For K2
A name for K2 is Chogori, derived from Balti words chhogo ri, connoting gigantic bank. The Chinese call the mountain Qogir gist Great Mountain, while Balti neighborhoods call it Kechu.
Nickname Is “The Savage Mountain”
K2 is nicknamed the “Savage Mountain” for its severe precondition. It is normally clambered in June, July, or August. K2 has never been clambered in wintertime.
1902 : First Attempt To Climb K2
British climbers Aleister Crowley (1875-1947), an occultist and hedonist, and Oscar Eckenstein (1859-1921) contributed an jaunt of six climbers that constituted the first is making an effort to fly K2, from March to June, 1902.
The party focussed 68 daytimes on the mountain, with simply 8 clear daytimes, striving the northeast crest. Devoting 2 months at high altitude, the working party constituted 5 gathering battles. The last place one began on June 8 but 8 daytimes of bad weather defeated them and they receded after a high point of 21,407 feet (6,525 rhythms). Scraps of jaunt dres has subsequently found below K2 and are exposed at Neptune Mountaineering in Boulder, Colorado.
1909 : First Atempt On Aruzi Spur
Italian climber Prince Luigi Amedeo (1873-1933), the Duke of Abruzzi, contributed an expedition to K2 in 1909. His party struggled the southeast crest, the Abruzzi Spur, reaching an elevation of 20,505 feet (6,250 rhythms) before deciding that the fly was too difficult. The crest is now the usual street that most climbers ascend K2. Before diversifying, the Duke used to say the mountain would never be clambered.
1939 : Fisrt American Attempt On K2
Fritz Wiessner, a great German climber implanted to the US, contributed a 1939 American expedition that attached a new world altitude sign by contacting 27,500 paws on the Abruzzi Spur. The party was 656 paws from the summit before turning around. Four squad members were killed.
1953 : Famous Ice Axe Arrest Saves 5
One of the most famous occasions in American clambering biography extended during a 1953 jaunt is presided over by Charles Houston.
A 10 day blizzard caught the team at 25,592 feet. Vacating a summit strive, the climbers attempted to save 27 year old Art Gilkey, who had developed altitude sickness, by sloping to a lower altitude. At one point in the course of its hopeless drop off, Pete Schoening saved five seeing climbers by grasping their gloom with the rope and his ice axe propelled behind a stone. The sparkler axe is exposed at the Bradford Washburn American Mountaineering Museum in Golden, Colorado.
1977 : Second Ascent By Japanese
The peak’s 2nd ascending gone on August 9, 1977, 23 times after K2′ s first ascent, by a Japanese force is presided over by Ichiro Yoshizawa. The team also included Ashraf Aman, the first Pakistani climber to summit K2.
1978 : Firt American Ascent
The first American ascending was in 1978. A strong force is presided over by James Whittaker ascended a brand-new pike up the peak’s Northeast Ridge.
Most Difficult 8,000 Meter Peak
K2 is one of the hardest of the fourteen 8,000 meter spires, offering technical climbing, severe weather conditions, and high outpouring hazard. As of 2014, over 335 climbers have reached K2′ s gathering, while at the least 82 have died.
1986 : 13 Climbers Die On K2
1986 was a atrocious time on K2 with 13 climbers ending. Five climbers died in a serious blizzard between August 6 and August 10. Eight other climbers died in the predating 6 weeks. Fatalities were by outpouring, seeing, and rockfall. The climbers killed by the blizzard were part of a group cobbled together from several failed jaunts. Three of the climbers reached the surface on August 4. During the drop off they met up with 4 other climbers and remained at 26,000 paws where the latter are caught in a blizzard. Five climbers faded while simply two survived.
Kaltenbrunner Climbs K2 Without Extra Oxygen
As of 2013, 12 girls have summitted K2, but four faded on the drop off. On August 23, 2011, Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner reached the summit of K2, becoming the first girl to descend all 14 of the 8,000 -meter crests without abusing supplementary oxygen. Kaltenbrunner likewise became the second woman to descend the 8,000 ers.
2008 : 11 Climbers Die On K2
In August 2008, 11 climbers faded on the upper slopes of K2 after an outpouring is generated by a come sparkler serac either killed them outright or isolate them above The Bottleneck, a steep sparkler couloir.
K2 Has High Fatality Rate
The fatality rate on K2 is 27 %. If you attempt K2 you have a 1 in 4 probability of ending. Prior to the 2008 misery, of the 198 climbers who summitted the crest, 53 faded on K2. That is three times the 9% fatality rate on Mount Everest. K2 is, next to Annapurna, the second largest most dangerous 8,000 meter crest.
Books About K2
K2, having the market share of epic ascendings, is also a bank of literature. Some of the best writing about the trials of mountaineering have come from controlling capers on the Savage Mountain. Here are some magnitudes that I recommend if you want to read more about K2.
K2 : Succes and Tragedy by Jim Curran. The period of 1986, nine jaunts attempt K2. 27 climbers contact the summit, but 13 gasp on the beast bank. Jim Curran writes a riveting report of that bittersweet period of success and demise.
by Andrew J. Kaufman and William L. Putnam. An report of the contentious 1939 American expedition that interposed two climbers within 800 paws of the summit and the subsequent deaths of 4 climbers.
The Last place Step : The American Ascent of K2 by Rick Ridgeway. A riveting report by jaunt representative Rick Ridgeway about the successful 1978 American ascending of K2. The journal items the personal theaters, including a tendernes triangle, as well as the epic presumption of a brand new pike.
K2 : The Price of Conquest by Lino Lacedelli and Giovanni Cenacchi. The sincere myth about the 1st ascending of K2 by its Italian lord, who tells about the lies and deception that allowed him to reach the summit without Walter Bonatti. A contentious uncover myth about respect, aspiration, and guilt.