Elevation : 12,638 feet (3,852 rhythms)
Prominence : 6,039 feet (1,841 rhythms)
Location : San Francisco Peaks, Arizona.
Coordinates : 35 deg2 0′ 46.83 ” N 111 deg4 0′ 40.60 ” W
First Ascent : First ascent by Native American.
Arizona’s Highest Mountain
Humphrey Peak is Arizona’s highest elevation. It is also the 26 th more prominent elevation in the lower 48 districts with an altitude rise of 6,053 feet. The 56 Ultra Prominent U.S. tops rise at least 4,921 feet (1,500 rhythms) above a nearby saddle or low pitched target.
San Fransisco Peaks
Humphreys Peak is the highest point of the San Francisco Peak north of Flagstaf in north central Arizona.
Geology : Huge Stratovolcano
The San Francisco Peaks series, also announced San Francisco Mountain, was once a huge, cone shaped stratovolcano that rose somewhere between 17,000 and 20,000 feet high and looked like Mount Rainier in Washington or Mount Fuji in Japan. Eruptions constructed the top between 1 million and 400,000 years ago. After that the mountain blew itself up in same fashion to Mount Saint Helens in 1980 where reference is had a massive sideways eruption that left a gaping flaw in the side of the mountain. The tops, including Humphreys, lie along the outer boundary of the blasted caldera.
Composed Of 6 Peaks
The San Francisco Peaks are composed of six tops, including the four highest in Arizona : Humphreys Peak, 12,637 feet (3,851 m), Agassiz Peak, 12,356 feet (3,766 m), Fremont Peak, 11,969 feet (3,648 m), Aubineau Peak, 11,838 feet (3,608 m), Rees Peak, 11,474 feet (3,497 m), and Doyle Peak, 11,460 feet (3,493 m).
Kachina Peaks Wilderness Area
Humphreys Peak is now in 18,960 acre Kachina Peak Wildernes Area. On the San Francisco Peaks there is no off trail hiking to protect the endemic and endangered bush, the San Francisco Peaks Groundsel. Groups above treeline are limited to a maximum period of 12 beings. There is no tenting or campfires countenanced above 11,400 feet.
History : Named For Civil War General
Humphreys Peak was reputation about 1870 for Brigadier General Andrew Atkinson Humphrey, a Civil War hero and U.S. Chief of Enginers. Humphreys’ link to Arizona was that he guided the famed Wheeler Surveys, the United States Geographical Survey that explored countries of the region west of the 100 th Meridian, mostly in the southwestern United States. The cross examines, done in the 1870 s, were produced by Captain George Wheeler. Humphrey was a Civil War General, who led Union troops at Getysburg, Fredricksburg, Chancellorsville, and others. His troops announced him “Old Google Eyes” for his reading glasses, but he was a desecrate and no-nonsense soldier. Charles Dana, Assistant Secretary of War, announced him” one of the loudest swearers” he ever heard and a person of recognise and brilliant profanity. He enjoyed crusade and always guided his troops into combat on his pony.
Humphreys Peak and the San Francisco Peaks are sacred and pious elevations to Native American tribes, including the Hopi, Zuni, Havasupai, and Navajo.
Sacred Navajo Mountain Of The West
For the Navajo or Dine, the San Francisco Peaks are the sacred elevations of the west, Dook osliid. The tops, held on dirt by a sunbeam, are of the complexion yellowed, associated with sundown.
San Fransisco Peaks And The Hopi
The Hopi, living east of the mountains, revere the San Francisco Peaks or Nuva’tuk iya ovi. They are holy place that are desecrated by continuing hobby and use. The Hopi have long obligated pilgrimages to the tops, leaving parts at consecrated websites. The tops are residence of the Katsinas or Kachinas, special beings that introducing rain to the Hopi’s parched battlegrounds in summer. The Katsinas live in the mountains for part of the year before taking flight in the summer monsoon season when they wing as rainclouds to nourish pastures.
Peaks Named By Spanish Priests
The San Francisco Peaks were reputation in the 17 th century by Franciscan clergymen at a operation at the Hopi village of Oraibi. The rectors reputation members of the mission and the tops for St. Francis of Assisi, the founder of the Franciscan seek.
Arizona Ski Resort
Flagstaff’s ski resort, the Arizona Snowbowl, lies on the western slope of Humphrey’s Peak.
Only Tundra Plants In Arizona
The only alpine tundra plant community in Arizona is found on two square mile on the San Francisco Peaks.
The 6 Life Zone
Clinton Hart Merriam, a explorer biologist, learnt Arizona’s geography and bush and animal societies, including those on the San Francisco Peaks, in 1889. His landmark employ described six distinct life zones from the bottom of the Grand Canyon to the summit of Humphrey’s Peak. The life zones were described by altitude, climate, precipitation, and leeway. Merriam’s six life zones, still used today, are: Lower Sonoran Zone, Upper Sonoran Zone, Transition Zone (also announced Montane Zone), Canadian Zone, Hudsonian Zone, and Arctic Alpine Zone. A seventh zone not described in Arizona is the Tropical Zone.
Climbing Humphreys Peak
The Humphreys Trail, starting at 8,800 feet at the Arizona Snow Bowl ski field on the west side of the mountain, is the standard ascent direction. The popular 4.75 milevlong footpath is moderate but can be tireless for lowlanders. Elevation gain is 3,313 feet. Hikers must follow the footpath above timberline and not speculation cross country to avoid injury the alpine tundra.