Elevation : 20,561 feet (6,267 rhythms)
Prominence: 13,527 feet (4,123 rhythms)
Location: Cordillera Occidental, Andes Mountains, Ecuador.
Coordinates: 1deg 28′ S/ 78 deg 49′ W
First Ascent: Edward Whymper, Louis Carel, and Jean Antoine Carrel, 1880.
FAST FACTS :
- Chimborazo, with an hill rise of 13,527 feet (4,123 rhythms), is the 16 th more prominent ridge in “the worlds” and the highest ridge in Ecuadors. It’s the highest mountain north of Peru in South America and the highest ridge in the Americas north of Peru. Denali, North America’s highest ridge, is 241 hoofs less than that of Chimborazo.
- Chimborazo is a dormant stratovolcano that last explosion around 640 AD (+/- 500 years), or about 1,400 years ago. At least seven blowups have appeared over the last 8,000 years. The volcano had a major crumble about 35,000 years ago, with major debris avalanches entangling down the mountain and damming the Rio Chambo and wording a temporary pond.
- Chimborazo has a circumference of 78 miles and a diameter of thirty miles. Its crater is 820 hoofs penetrating and has a surface diameter of 1,600 feet. Chimborazo has four major assembles 20,561 foot (6,267 meter) Veintemilla : 20,702 feet (6,310 meter) Whymper, the highest point 19,094 feet (5,820 rhythms) Politecnica : and 18,274 feet (5,570 meter) Nicolas Martinez, called for the daddy of Ecuadorian mountaineer.
- While the summit of Mount Everest is the highest point on the Earth above sea level, the summit of Chimborazo is the farthest place on the surface of the Soil from its precise centre, a distance of 3,968 miles (6,384.4 kilometers). It’s important is worth noting that the Earth is not a excellent sphere but instead bellies out at its equator. Chimborazo is exclusively one calibrate south of the equator, while Mount Everest is 28 harshness north. Chimborazo’s summit is 2.1 kilometers deep from the Earth’s center than Everest.
- Chimborazo’s upper raisings are covered with glaciers. The glaciers have gradually decreased in width over the last fifty years due to global warming and moving ash from the active volcano Tungurahua, which falls on the glaciers, heateds in sunlight, and defrosts the snowfall. The glaciers, catering sea for Ecuadorans, are more excavated for sparkler which is sold in markets.
- The precise informant of Chimborazo’s name is gloomy. Some linguists say it compoundings schingbu, which aims “women” in the Cayapa language, with razo, what is Quichua or “snow,” arising in “Women of Snow. Local inmates call it Urcorazo or “Mountain of Ice”, melding the Quichua urco, representing “mountain”, with razo, representing “snow” or “ice”.
- SAETA Flight 232, a Vicker Viscount carrying four organization and 55 fares, disappeared on a Quito to Cuenca flight in August, 1976. The crashed aircraft was known 26 years later in October, 2002 at 18,000 feet (5,400 rhythms) by a force of Ecuadorian climbers on the Integral route up Chimborazo’s east slope. The the agencies of the 59 defendants were recovered.
- Explorer Baron Alexander von Humbold, Aime Goujaud AKA Bonpland, and Carlos Montufar moved the first known is making an effort to climbing Chimborazo in 1802, reaching a high point of 19,286 feet (5,878 meters) before turn back at an “hopeless cleave” with altitude sickness. Edward Whymper, who moved the first emerging of The Matterhorn, moved the first emerging of Chimborazo with Italian ushers Louis and Jean Antoine Carrel up the Southwest Ridge in 1880. They were the first Europeans to summit a elevation higher than 20,000 hoofs. After his ascent was clashed, Whymper recalled with David Beltran and Francisco Javier Campana and condescended a brand new roadway to the summit that same time.
- The bad coincidence in Ecuadoran mountaineering biography occurs on November 10, 1993 on Chimborazo’s upper slopes. Three accuseds, two descending and one ascending, were on the steep blizzard ascents below the Veintemilla summit when the downgrade avalanched, involving and implanting ten climbers six French, two Ecuadorans, one Swiss, and one Chilean into a fissure at 18,700 feet. Over 20 elevation ushers researched Chimbo for 10 eras to recover the bodies.
Chimborazo is heavily glaciated and subject to severe courageous and avalanches. Most accuseds that aim the mountain turn around because of ponderou blizzard and deluge possible. Requisites alter on the mountain depending on snow status. If little snow has come, expect subdivisions of hard blizzard and sparkler that require frontpointing with your crampons.
Heavy snow increases avalanche jeopardy.
El Castillo Route
The El Castillo Route (Grade II/ PD) is the standard regular roadway are exploited by most climbers to ascend Chimborazo. The roadway ascends 4,250 feet (1,300 meters) up the west side of the mountain. Normal ascent season is between eight and 12 hours to the Whymper summit. Descent fixes three to five hours. Superhighway junket season is 12 to 16 hours. Start at night so most of the rise is done before sunup when the blizzard warms up and originates avalanching and rockfall possible additions. The roadway is often condescended December to February and June to September.
Whymper Hut To Veintimilla
The route begins at the Whymper Hut and soars northwest up scree and then rocky mixed study to a saddle above El Castillo, a foremost castle-shaped stone outcrop. The measures provided for in this regulation has rockfall possible. From the saddle, pitch a glacial crest northeast and east to the Veintimilla summit. Much of the crest is steep (30 to 40 situations) with crevasses. The measures provided for in this regulation can be very dangerous with brand new and soft snow on it.
On To Whymper Summit
Many climbers turn around atop Veintimilla. It is 0.6 mile (1 kilometer) from Veintimilla Summit to Whymper Summit with an altitude loss of 165 feet. It fixes 30 minutes to an hour to cross the prodigious snow filled bowl between the two heydays, depending on snow status. Deep snow often blankets the bowl, which becomes a nightmare of thigh-deep plod in the afternoon or after snowfall. Desire on doing this section earlier today when its skin deep is crusted.
Climbing Guides To Chimborazo
Ecuador Climbing and Hiking Guide by Rob Rachowiecki and Mark Thurber.
Ecuador: A Climbing Guide by Yossi Brain.
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