Elevation: 14,411 feet (4,392 rhythms)
Prominence : 13,211 feet (4,027 rhythms ) 21 st most prominent crown in “the worlds”.
Location : Cascade Range, Pierce County, Mount Rainier National Park, Washington.
Coordinates : 46 deg5 1′ 10 ” N 121 deg4 5′ 37 ” W
Map : USGS topographic map Mount Rainier West
First Ascent : Firstly recruited rising in 1870 by Hazard Stevens and P. B. Van Trump.
Mount Rainier Distinctions
- The 30 th highest ridge in North America.
- The 17 th highest ridge in the United States.
- The 21 st most prominent ridge in “the worlds”.
- The 4th most prominent ridge in North America.
- The 3rd highest ultra prominence ridge in the United States.
- The 4th highest U.S. regime high point.
Mount Rainier : Washington’s Highest Mountain
Mount Rainier is Washington’s highest ridge. It is the 21 st most prominent ridge in “the worlds” with an mountain rise of 13,211 feet from its nearest low degree. It is the most prominent ridge in the lower 48 importances (the neighboring United States).
Mount Rainier is the highest crown in the Cascade Range, a long collect of volcanic altitudes that widens from Washington through Oregon to northern California. Other Cascade steeples seen from the summit of Mount Rainier include Mount St. Helens, Mount Adams, Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, and Mount Hood on a clearly defined epoch.
Mount Rainier, a monstrous stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc, is considered an active volcano with its last place blowup in 1894.
Rainier spewed over a dozen experiences in the last 2,600 years, with the largest blowup 2,200 years ago.
As an active volcano, Mount Rainier has countless minuscule high frequency shakes, often coming on a daily basis. Every month as countless as five shakes are enrolled near the mountain’s meeting.
Small swarms of five to ten shakes, coming over a few ages, too come often. Geologists say the majority of them shakes result from sizzling movements moving inside the mountain.
Highest Crater Lake
Rainier’s summit has two overlapping volcanic craters, each over 1,000 paws in diameter. It also has a small crater reserve that is 16 paws imbuing and 130 paws long by 30 paws wide cut. This is the highest hole reserve in North America. The reserve, nonetheless, lies beneath 100 paws of frost in the west meeting fault. It is simply be visited by following a arrangement of frost caves in the craters.
26 Major Glaciers
Mount Rainier is the most glaciated ridge in the neighboring United States with 26 major glaciers as well as 35 square miles of glaciers and permanent snowfields.
Three Summits On Mt. Rainier
Mount Rainier has three separated meridians 14,411 foot Columbia Crest, 14,158 foot Point Success, and 14,112 foot Liberty Cap. The standard descending schedules contact the hole pinnacle at 14,150 feet and countless climbers stop here, seeing that they’ve reached the pinnacle. The actual meeting at Columbia Crest is one of them couple miles out and reached by a 45 minute hike across the hole.
Liberty Cap Summit
Liberty Cap at 14,112 feet (4,301 rhythms), is the lowest of Mount Rainier’s three meridians but has a standing of 492 feet (150 rhythms) which accomplishes it a separate top from Columbia Crest, the high point.
Most climbers, nonetheless, do not consider it a separate ridge because of Rainier’s huge size so it is seldom sunk compared to the higher meeting.
Eruptions And Mudflows
The volcanic cone of Mount Rainier is about 500,000 years old, although an early ancestral cone composed of lava bursts is over 840,000 years old. Geologists say the mountain once stands at about 16,000 paws but debris avalanches, mudflows or lahars, and glaciations abridged it to its present mountain. The huge Osceola Mudflow, coming 5,000 years ago, was a monstrous debris avalanche that scavenged a stone, frost, and clay over 50 miles to the Tacoma area and removed over 1,600 paws from the mountain pinnacle. The last-place major mudflow happened over 500 years ago. Geologists reply future mudflows could reach as far as Seattle and inundate the Puget Sound.
Mount Rainier National Park
Mount Rainier is the centerpiece of 235,627 -acre Mount Rainier National Park, which lies 55 miles southwest of Seattle. The park is 97% percentage wilderness with the other 3% a National Historic Landmark District. Over two million patrons come to the park per year. President William McKinley cleared the national park, the nation’s fifth, on March 2, 1899.
Native American Name
Native Americans called the mountain Tahoma, Tacoma, or Talol from a Lushootseed word meaning baby of scatters and a Skagit word meaning “huge grey haired ridge”.
Captain George Vancouver
The first Europeans to receive the largest steeples were Captain George Vancouver (1757-1798) and his gang, who skippered into Puget Sound in 1792 while exploring the northwest coast of North America. Vancouver appointed the crown for Rear Admiral Peter Rainier (1741-1808) of the British Royal Navy. Rainier fought against the immigrants in the American Revolution and was sternly wounded on July 8, 1778, while seducing a vessel. He subsequently became a Commodore and served in the East Indies before retiring in 1805. After his elected to Parliament, he died on April 7, 1808.
Discovery Of Mount Rainier
In 1792, Captain George Vancouver wrote about recently discovered and made Mount Rainier : “The environment was serene and joyful, and both countries continues to exhibit between us and the eastern snowy collect the same luxuriant person. At its northern boundary, Mount Baker abide by compass N. 22 E. the round snowy ridge , now wording its southern bound, and which, after my friend, Rear Admiral Rainier, I discriminate by the call of Mount Rainier, bore N (S) 42 E ”
Tacoma Or Rainier
Through the 19 th century, the mountain was announced both Mount Rainier and Mount Tacoma. In 1890 the United States Board of Geographic Names demed that it would be called Rainier. As sometime as 1924, nonetheless, relevant resolutions was introduced in the U.S. Congress to caled it Tacoma.
First Known Ascents Of Mount Rainier
The first develop of Mount Rainier was thought to be in 1852 by an undocumented accused.
The first known ascent was in 1870 by Hazard Stevens and P.B. Van Trump. The duo were feted in Olympia after their successful develop.
John Muir Climbs Mount Rainier
The huge American ecologist John Muir sunk Mount Rainier in 1888. He subsequently wrote about his advance : The entertain we experience from the summit could hardly be transcended in sublimity and opulence but one perceives far from residence so high-pitched in the sky, something much so that one is inclined to guess that, apart from the acquisition of knowledge and the vivacity of condescending, more passion is to be found at the feet the mountains than on their crowns. Doubly joyful, nonetheless, is the man to whom magnificent ridge crowns are within reach, for the illuminates that glisten there illumine all that lies below.