Ancient Sites That Reveal The Traces The Nation’s Het – One attraction that is rarely visited in Turkey, whereas historically very interesting, is an ancient city that has been known as a ruined Hattusa. Hattusa is located near Bogazkale, located around the area of the river Kizilirmak.
This city was once the capital of the Hittite Empire (Het), a superpower of the late bronze age that his realm stretched from Anatolia to northern Syria, from the Aegean Sea to the West up to the Euphrates in the East.
First in the battle of Kadesh, the Hittite Kingdom of Egypt against the once mighty to nearly kill Pharaoh Ramses and compelled him to return to Egypt. Many years later, those Hittites and Egypt signed a peace treaty, which is believed to be the oldest in the world.
The Hittite nation plays an important role in ancient history. Much bigger than that set forth in the books of modern history. The Hittites developed the lightest and fastest train in the world. Although at that time still in the bronze age, they have to make and use tools.
At the turn of the 10th century, the Hittites had considered only a rumor because not found proof of the existence of their empire. But those assumptions changed after the discovery and excavation of Hattusa. Concurrently with the excavation, found plenty of evidence documenting the activities of Nations Het in the past.
Hattusa is located at the South end of the plain of Budakozu, on the slopes of the climb of about 300 metres above the Valley. Surrounded by rich agricultural fields, Hill lands with meadows and forests. It is estimated, the site was originally inhabited by native Hattians before finally became the capital of the Hittite nation around 2000 BC.
Hattusa is destroyed along with the destruction of the Hittite nation itself at the 12th-century b.c. Excavations showed that the town was burned to the ground. The destruction of this appears to have occurred after many residents of Hattusa which left the town, carrying valuable goods and also the official entry of the city. The site was discovered by archaeologists was no more than a ghost town during his final days.
At its peak, the city closed area of 1.8 sq km and is divided into two parts, namely the inside and the outside. Both are surrounded by a large wall. The town consists of the inner part of the castle with the administration building as well as a large shrine. While the residence of the King or the acropolis was built on a high Hill.
To the South lies an outer city of about 1 square km, with a tricky gate decorated with reliefs carved with Lions, Sphinxes, and fighters. Here there are four temples, each page surround floored with residential buildings. Outside the walls there is a mausoleum that contains mostly cremation burial. Between the 40-50 of thousands of people are believed to have lived in the city at the top of the peak.